Waxed Branding

Waxed Branding Logo with an orange background featuring the word "Exotic" in stylized gray script font, along with a small bird illustration on the left side of the word, evoking a sense of home.

What is screen printing techniques?

Screen printing is a cool way to make designs on clothes, paper, and more. Waxed Branding loves doing this. We press screen printing ink through a screen printing mesh onto stuff. This is called serigraphy. It started with silk screens but now uses man-made materials for better colours and textures.

First, a stencil is made on a screen printing frame. Light passes through it using a screen exposure unit. Then, it’s covered with screen printing emulsion. After that, ink goes on and gets pushed through with a screen printing squeegee. This method is perfect for making custom clothes, art, and more.

What is screen printing techniques?

At Waxed Branding, we have lots of ways to do screen printing. For some designs, we use solid colours with spot colour printing. Halftone printing makes smooth colour changes with dots. We can do cool looks with duotone printing. And for detailed designs, there’s simulated process printing. Our team is great at making your ideas real.

Key Takeaways

  • Screen printing is a versatile technique that can be used on various materials, including fabrics, paper, and other surfaces.
  • The screen printing process involves creating a stencil on a mesh screen, applying ink, and pressing it through the open areas using a squeegee.
  • Different screen printing techniques, such as spot colour, halftone, duotone, and simulated process printing, can be used to achieve various effects and styles.
  • Waxed Branding specialises in screen printing, employing various techniques to create custom clothing, artwork, posters, and other products.
  • Investing in quality screen printing equipment, including screens, inks, and presses, is essential for achieving professional results.

Introduction to Screen Printing

Screen printing is also known as serigraphy or silk screen. It’s a flexible way of printing. This method uses a stencil on a fine mesh screen. Ink is then pushed through, creating a design on the surface below.

It can work on many materials like fabric, paper, wood, metal, plastic, and glass. The fun part is choosing the kind of ink, as it affects the print. Screen printing is great for bold, long-lasting colours and making prints you can feel. It also does well for making many copies of the same design.

screen printing ink being pressed through a mesh screen

The process of screen printing involves around seven key steps. Each step is crucial for a successful print.

  1. Designing the artwork
  2. Preparing the screen
  3. Exposing the emulsion
  4. Washing out the screen
  5. Setting up the press
  6. Printing the design
  7. Curing the ink

There are different inks used in screen printing. This choice depends on what you’re printing and where. Here are some popular ones:

  • Plastisol ink: Best for cotton and polyester fabrics
  • Water-based ink: It’s eco-friendly, making soft prints on fabric
  • Discharge ink: Great for dark fabrics because it removes the colour
  • Metallic ink: For shimmering designs on many surfaces

Choosing the right printer is key too. For small projects or bespoke prints, there are manual presses. For bigger orders and faster printing, automatic presses are better.

Press TypeDescription
ManualRequires a person to move everything by hand
Semi-automaticAutomates some parts but needs setting up by hand
Fully automaticDoes everything on its own, best for big orders

Waxed branding, a company in South Africa, knows the power of screen printing. They use it for custom clothing and various prints like posters. This method helps them make designs that are not only good-looking but also last long, spreading the message of their clients.

“Screen printing has been a game-changer for our business. It allows us to create high-quality, custom designs for our clients quickly and efficiently, while still maintaining that personal touch that sets us apart.” – Founder, Waxed branding

So, screen printing is a versatile and strong way to make a design stick on almost anything. Knowing how it works and choosing the right tools is important. With the right knowledge, businesses like Waxed branding can make amazing prints that wow their clients.

The Evolution of Screen Printing Techniques

Screen printing has changed a lot over time. New materials and methods have made printing better. At Waxed branding, we’ve seen how these changes have made printing more creative.

Evolution of screen printing techniques

From Silk Screens to Synthetic Materials

Silk used to be the main material for screens. But now, synthetic materials like polyester are more popular because they are cheaper and last longer. This change has made screen printing easier for more people to do.

Advancements in Screen Printing Inks

The inks used in screen printing have also improved a lot. Now, there are many types of inks, each good for different things. Some of the main inks used today are plastisol, water-based, and speciality inks.

  • Plastisol ink: Known for its durability and vibrant colours, plastisol ink is a popular choice for printing on textiles.
  • Water-based ink: Eco-friendly and offering a softer feel, water-based inks are ideal for printing on light-coloured fabrics. However, they can be more challenging to work with compared to other ink types and may require multiple layers to achieve vibrant colours on darker materials.
  • Specialty inks: Metallic, glow-in-the-dark, and puff inks are just a few examples of the specialty inks available to screen printers. These inks allow for the creation of unique effects and finishes that can help printed designs stand out from the crowd.

Screen printing is still popular because it’s versatile. But it’s good to know there are other methods too. For example, Direct-To-Garment printing might be better for some designs and small orders, even though it costs more.

Ink TypeCharacteristicsBest Used For
PlastisolDurable, vibrant coloursTextiles, long-lasting prints
Water-basedEco-friendly, soft feelLight-coloured fabrics, environmentally conscious projects
Specialty (Metallic, Glow-in-the-dark, Puff)Unique effects and finishesEye-catching designs, special projects

The screen printing industry is always getting better. It’s important for printers to keep up with new techniques and materials. By using the latest advancements, they can make amazing designs that their customers will love.

The Screen Printing Process

The screen printing process is complex yet satisfying. It involves many steps, each needing careful work for top print quality. At Waxed branding, we tackle every print job with careful steps and focus.

Creating the Design

Design creation kicks off the screen printing process. Designers make designs in black and white, using varying shades of grey for different colours. Our designers collaborate closely with our clients to craft eye-catching designs suitable for screen printing.

Preparing the Screen

After the design is set, it goes to a transparent film. This film helps make a stencil on the screen. A screen, made of fine mesh on a frame, is then coated with emulsion. The film is placed on it and exposed to light. This hardens the emulsion, forming a lasting stencil.

The next step is washing the screen. This removes the soft emulsion, leaving a clean and durable stencil. The choice of emulsion affects the stencil’s detail and life.

Applying the Ink

Then comes applying the ink. The screen is positioned on a press, and ink is poured on. A squeegee pushes the ink through the stencil, printing the design on the material. For multiple colours, each colour needs a separate screen, ensuring precision and colour sit right.

Ink TypeCharacteristicsBest Used For
PlastisolDurable, versatile, and easy to useFabric printing, especially on dark garments
Water-basedEco-friendly, soft feel, and breathablePrinting on light-coloured fabrics
DischargeCreates a soft, vintage look by removing the garment’s dyePrinting on dark garments for a faded, retro appearance

Drying and Curing the Print

The ink then dries and cures. Either a conveyor dryer or flash cure unit does this. They heat the print to set the ink. Proper curing is crucial for prints that last through many wears and washes.

At Waxed branding, we’re zealous about every step of screen printing. This ensures each print we make is of unmatched quality and stands our test of craftsmanship.

Different Types of Screen Printing Techniques

Screen printing uses various methods for creating unique designs. Businesses, like Waxed branding, must choose the right one. Let’s look at the common techniques in screen printing.

Spot Colour Screen Printing

Spot colour screen printing is best for 1-4 coloured designs, used mostly on t-shirts. Each colour gets its own screen. It’s perfect for simple logos or designs, offering bright, solid colours.

Halftone Printing

Halftone printing makes multiple colours or gradients look like they’re there with just one screen. This is done by adjusting tiny dot sizes. It’s great for pictures or designs needing subtle colour changes.

Duotone Printing

Duotone printing uses two colours in a cool way. It creates a mix of these two, adding a special look. Often, it’s used on light clothes to achieve an artistic effect.

CMYK Printing

CMYK printing, also called 4-colour, is for full colour designs on light clothes. It blends cyan, magenta, yellow, and black inks. Though it can be complex, it’s cheaper for many colours.

Simulated Process Printing

Simulated process printing mixes halftones, spot colours, and PMS colours for detailed, dark fabric designs. It accurately copies the original colours, showing a vivid, detailed image.

Spot ColourVibrant, solid colours; cost-effective for 1-4 coloursSimple designs, logos, t-shirts
HalftoneCreates shading and tonal effects with a single screenMonochromatic images, subtle colour variations
DuotoneUnique colour hues, adds depth to the designArtistic, sophisticated looks; light-coloured materials
CMYKReproduces full-colour designs; affordable multi-colour printsLight-coloured materials; less common in screen printing
Simulated ProcessCaptures original design colours; bold, vibrant resultsDetailed designs on dark fabrics, photo prints

Choosing the right screen printing method is key for any project. Consider design complexity, colour count, and material. Knowing each method’s strengths helps businesses, like Waxed branding, find the best balance of cost and quality.

What is Screen Printing Techniques?

Screen printing is a method that creates a design on a fine mesh. Then, it pushes ink through the screen onto a surface. This technique works on many materials like fabric, paper, and glass. You can use different types of screen printing to get cool effects.

The best choice of technique depends on the design’s complexity and colours, and where you’re printing. For instance, spot colour printing is great for simple designs on dark fabrics. It can make the colours pop.

Halftone printing, on the other hand, is good for detailed designs. It uses tiny dots to make shading and gradients. This makes the print quality better.

Screen printing makes prints that are bold, long-lasting, and touchable. It’s a top pick for custom clothes, art, and things like posters. At Waxed branding, we’re experts in this. We use a range of screen printing methods to get the results our clients want.

TechniqueDescriptionBest For
Spot ColourUses solid areas of ink, limited coloursSimple designs, darker garments
HalftoneUses dots of varying sizes to create gradientsMulti-colour effects with a single colour
DuotoneCombines two halftones, usually black and another colourCost-effective, full-colour appearance
CMYKUses cyan, magenta, yellow, and black inksFull-colour designs on light-coloured garments
Simulated ProcessCombines halftones and spot coloursDetailed, multi-coloured designs on various fabrics

Screen printing has been around since ancient China. It became popular in the 20th century. Artists like Andy Warhol made it famous. Today, it’s a key method in many print shops. It’s loved for its flexibility and making top-notch prints that last.

Screen Printing Equipment

To make top-notch custom clothes and products, you need the right gear. At Waxed branding, we believe in investing in top-tier equipment. This ensures the best outcomes for our clients. We will now dive into the essential components of screen printing sets.

Screen Printing Presses

There are different types of screen printing presses, from manual to fully automatic. The press type you need depends on your production size and requirements. Manual presses suit smaller jobs because they offer detailed control. On the other hand, automatic types are for big volume and speed. Semi-automatic presses find a middle ground, combining manual precision with some automation. No matter the choice, an excellent screen printing frame is essential. It keeps the fabric taut for consistent prints.

Screens and Meshes

The screen is fundamental in screen printing. It’s made of fine mesh, usually polyester, stretched over a frame. The frame could be metal or wood. The mesh choice depends on design detail and print surface texture. Fine mesh works better for detailed designs on smooth surfaces, and coarse mesh for bold designs on rough textures. Choosing a strong screen printing frame is key because the quality of the screen affects the print.

Squeegees and Inks

Squeegees are vital for pushing ink through the stencil onto the surface. They come in different hardness levels and materials. For fine details, use hard squeegees, or soft ones for solid colours. Ink choice also impacts the final print. The ink you choose depends on the fabric, design, and effects wanted. Various ink types are available:

  • Plastisol: A durable ink for most fabrics
  • Water-based: Eco-friendly with a soft feel
  • Discharge: Removes the fabric dye to print vibrant prints on darks
  • Specialty inks: Includes glitter, puff, and metallic for unique effects

“Investing in quality screen printing equipment is the key to exceptional results. At Waxed branding, we select our presses, screens, squeegees, and inks with care. This ensures every print we make is of the highest quality.”

Screen Printing PressHolds the screens in place for precise printing
Screen and MeshCreates the stencil and controls ink deposit
SqueegeePushes ink onto the surface through the screen
InkAdds colour and texture to prints for different uses

Knowing how each piece of equipment works and picking the best for your project leads to striking screen prints. Waxed branding is here with the skill and quality for all your custom print needs.


Screen printing is a technique that creates colourful, long-lasting prints on many surfaces. It combines vibrant colours with a tactile feel. This method has advanced with better materials and techniques.

There are various screen printing techniques to pick from. These include spot colour, halftone, duotone, CMYK, and simulated process printing. Knowing these helps printers choose the best one for each project.

Getting high-quality equipment is key for professional results. At Waxed Branding, we only use top gear to ensure our prints look great. Screen printing is ideal for custom clothes, art, and promo items. It makes prints that catch the eye and last a long time.

In South Africa, Waxed Branding leads in screen printing. We aim to exceed our clients’ expectations. Our skilled team uses the latest in screen printing to turn visions into reality. We prioritise quality and make sure our clients are happy with their prints.


What are the 7 steps of screen printing?

The print involves these 7 key steps. First, design is made. Next, a screen is prepped. Then, the emulsion is put on. After that, the screen is exposed. Following this, it’s rinsed. The design is then printed. Finally, the print is dried and set.

What are the disadvantages of screen printing?

Screen printing has some drawbacks. It needs costly equipment at the start. Also, making screens for each colour takes time. Achieving small details or photo quality prints is hard.

What ink is used for screen printing?

Screen printing uses a range of inks. The choice depends on what’s printed and the aim. Inks like plastisol, water-based, discharge, and unique ones, such as metallics, puffs, or glow, are usual.

What type of printer is used for screen printing?

A special press is used in screen printing. It can be manual or automatic. This press secures the screens for precise printing of multiple colours.

What can I use instead of screen printing ink?

For those who can’t get screen inks, acrylic or fabric paints could be options. Yet, they might not last as long or look as sharp as screen inks.

Which paint is best for screen printing?

Screen printing ink is the top choice for good reason. It’s made just for this work. You’ll find various inks for different materials, like plastisol for fabrics or solvent-based for hard stuff like plastic.

What is screen printing mesh?

Screen printing mesh is a fine fabric, usually polyester. It’s put over a frame for the screen. The thread count of the mesh decides how clear the print is and how thick the ink sits.

What is a screen exposure unit?

This unit uses UV light to fix the screen’s emulsion. It makes the stencil by hardening paths not covered by the design. This stencil guides where the ink goes during printing.

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